Some pregnant women experience a drop in blood pressure during pregnancy, especially in the first weeks. This makes the pregnant woman dizzy very often and may even pass out. The positive part of hypotension is that it is not dangerous for pregnancy, quite the opposite of hypertension.
Hypotension or low blood pressure is low blood pressure. During pregnancy, hypotension can occur during the first 24 weeks, especially in the second trimester (between weeks 12 and 24 of gestation). Usually it is a drop in blood pressure caused by the pregnancy itself. As blood now flows to the fetus as well, the woman's circulatory system is forced to work faster to meet the baby's needs. And this causes the blood pressure to drop. As soon as the body stabilizes and adapts to this new situation, the hypotension will gradually subside.
Another cause of hypotension during pregnancy is the pressure exerted by the uterus on the aorta and vena cava. Hence, gynecologists recommend the pregnant woman don't sleep on your back, but lying on the left side.
But when do we have low blood pressure? Normal blood pressure is considered when the values are around 11-7 (115 for systolic pressure, the pressure generated by the heart when pumping blood from the arteries to the body, and 75 for diastolic pressure, the pressure that the heart exerts when found at rest between heartbeats). Hypotension can be considered if the values are below 9-6 (90 systolic pressure and 60 diastolic pressure).
There are other causes of hypotension, such as endocrine problems (hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism), any heart problem. And in very extreme cases, a situation of hypovolemic shock (a hypotension linked to severe dehydration). But these cases are rare (they occur with an infection or severe allergic reaction or a large loss of blood). The normal thing is that hypotension is not harmful to health.
The main symptom is dizziness. The pregnant woman notes that when she gets up after lying down or sitting for a while, 'her head goes off'. That feeling of vertigo can accompany her throughout the day. You will also feel more tired, with a feeling of constant fatigue and sleepy, very sleepy. In some cases, a pregnant woman with hypotension may feel somewhat depressed.
Another symptom of hypotension during pregnancy is difficulty concentrating. The feeling of 'having to read the same thing twice' in order to understand what is read is very common in these cases. It often affects vision as well. Many pregnant women with low blood pressure experience blurred vision.
In some cases hypotension can cause a faint in the pregnant woman. This occurs when there is a very sharp and sudden drop in tension. At that point, the brain may stop receiving the proper level of oxygen, causing blackouts. This can lead to a risky situation for the pregnant woman, as she could hit herself.
- Do not change position abruptly. Get used to doing slower movements, especially if you are lying down or sitting and you are going to get up.
- Always carry a bottle of water in your bag. The water will provide you with mineral salts and will help you control hypotension. You will also make sure you are hydrated at all times. Remember that dehydration is one of the causes of hypotension.
- Take care of your diet. Include hydrating foods, such as futa. Before a drop in blood pressure, take a food rich in glucose. Eat several times a day and avoid spending too many hours without eating anything (This generates a drop in sugar).
- do exercise. Walk to keep your circulation going.
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